Public Utilities Commissions (PUCs) Find your PUC in deregulated energy markets

What does a PUC do?

Oversee energy market competition

Regulates utility delivery rates

Ensures price protection for consumers

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A public utilities commission (PUC), or utility regulatory commission (URC) is a governing body that oversees and regulates utility rates and services.

Public Utility Commissions in Deregulated Energy Markets

Apple to Apple in Ohio  New York Power to Choose
Energize Connecticut  PA Gas Switch
Maine Public Advocate  PA Power Switch
Maryland Electric Choice  Plug In Illinois
Michigan Gas Customer Choice  Power to Choose in Texas

Why deregulate energy?

In the early days many private companies were competing with public municipal companies to attract new customers. Some argued that the states should grant monopolies to private utility companies but regulate them to ensure the customers best interest remained.

As the regulated private power companies grew, they became increasingly consolidated as they continued to buy competitors and grow market share.

Congress passed the Public Utilities Holding Company Act (PUHCA) in 1935 to limit the scope of holding companies. The PUHCA was weakened in the 1980s and 1990s and ultimately repealed in 2005.

Deregulation of the electrical industry refers to the break up of utility companies into separate generation, transmission, and distribution companies.  The distribution companies, which deliver power directly to customers, would continue to be regulated. But the generation companies would compete to see who could sell power for the lowest price or with additional benefits.


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