Energy rankings: Which states use the most electricity per household?

Alex Crees
By Alex Crees
For business
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How much energy does your state use? A newly released report from the Energy Information Agency cited data from 2016 to rank states by average residential electricity consumption and clarify how much state residents spent for that power. Read on to find out:

  • Which state uses the most energy?
  • Which state uses the least?
  • How do electric bills in your state compare with others?

States that consume the most energy per household

1. Louisiana
Consumption: 1,240 kWh per month
Price: 9.34 cents/kWh (lowest)
Bill: $115.79 per month (21st highest)

The state that consumed the most energy in 2016 also enjoyed the lowest electric prices. Louisiana residents, on average, consumed 14,880 kWh of electricity throughout the year – which is more than double the average consumption of the state whose residents consumed the least amount of electricity. However, the electric rate in Louisiana was only 9.34 cents per-kilowatt hour, meaning average monthly bills landed in the middle of the pack, despite the top-ranked usage.

2. Tennessee
Consumption: 1,238 kWh per month
Price: 10.41 cents/kWh (45th highest)
Bill: $128.89 per month (7th highest)

Tennessee didn’t trail far behind Louisiana in terms of energy usage, consuming an average of 14,856 kWh per household in 2016. Electric prices in the state ranked on the lower side of the spectrum (7th lowest in the nation), but conversely, state residents received the 7th highest bills.

3. Alabama
Consumption: 1,214 kWh per month
Price: 11.99 cents/kWh (26th highest)
Bill: $145.55 per month (2nd highest)

Alabama ranked high for electric usage, but unfortunately for state residents, they also ranked high for electric prices at nearly 12 cents per kWh in 2016. As you may have guessed, this means Alabama’s monthly electric bills were sky-high as well, ranking second in the nation (and only missing out on the top spot by less than a dollar!).

4. Mississippi
Consumption: 1,203 kWh per month
Price: 10.47 cents/kWh (44th highest)
Bill: $125.91 per month (12th highest)

Alabama’s southern neighbor showed a little more restraint in usage and marked a return to low prices.  However, Mississippi residents still received the 12th highest power bills in the nation, paying out more than $125 per month – that’s more than $1,500 for the year – in 2016.

5. Texas
Consumption: 1,156 kWh per month
Price: 10.99 cents/kWh (38th highest)
Bill: $127.10 per month (9th highest)

Texas has the second-most utility customers in the country, who combined to consume more energy than any other state in 2017, according to data from the Energy Information Association. In 2016, Texas customers enjoyed low prices in comparison to other states, but their usage – an average of 13,872 kWh annually per customer – drove bills up to the 9th highest in the nation.

6. South Carolina
Consumption: 1,155 kWh per month
Price: 12.65 cents/kWh (19th highest)
Bill: $146.09 per month (highest)

South Carolina earned the dubious distinction of highest electric bills per household in 2016, thanks to a combination of high usage and relatively high prices. On average, Palmetto State residents paid $146 per month for electricity, totaling up to $1,753 for the year. That’s nearly double the amount the state paid by the state with the lowest electric bills.

7. Georgia
Consumption: 1,138 kWh per month
Price: 11.50 cents/kWh (29th highest)
Bill: $130.87 per month (6th highest)

Once again, geographical neighbors earned neighboring spots on this list. Ranked 7th in terms of consumption, Georgia’s electric bills nevertheless came in much lower than South Carolina’s, thanks to much lower prices (Georgia boasted the 23rd lowest prices in the nation, while S.C. came in at 33rd). Georgia residents paid $16 less per month than S.C. residents and nearly $200 less for the year.

8. Florida
Consumption: 1,123 kWh per month
Price: 10.98 cents/kWh (39th highest)
Bill: $123.37 per month (14th highest)

Lower still is Florida, whose residents consumed 1,123 kWh of energy per month, landing them at the eighth spot on this list. Their electric prices slid another 10 spots down to 13th lowest, putting their monthly bills at $123.37, on average.

9. Kentucky
Consumption: 1,121 kWh per month
Price: 10.49 cents/kWh (43rd highest)
Bill: $117.65 per month (17th highest)

Luckily for Kentucky’s residents, while their usage was the 9th highest in the nation, their electric prices were the 9th lowest, meaning within the top 10 energy consumers for 2016, the only state that received lower bills was Louisiana. In a wider context, at an average of $117.65 per month, Kentucky’s bills ranked 17th highest in the nation.

10. Virginia
Consumption: 1,120 kWh per month
Price: 11.36 cents/kWh (33rd highest)
Bill: $127.14 per month (8th highest)

One kWh per month separated Virginia from Kentucky and placed the state in the 10th spot on this list. However, higher electric prices mean that even though Virginia residents used less electricity than Kentucky residents, they still paid higher bills – about $10 more per month, totaling up to $120 more for the year.

States that consume the least energy per household

1. Hawaii
Consumption: 505 kWh per month
Price: 27.47 cents/kWh (highest)
Bill: $138.73 per month (5th highest)

In a reversal from Louisiana, which saw the highest average consumption but lowest prices in 2016, Hawaii residents consumed the least energy but were subject to the highest prices. So, even though average consumption in the Aloha State was less than half that of the Pelican State, Hawaii residents on average paid $23 more on their monthly bills, which, at $138.73, ranked 5th highest in the nation.

2. Maine
Consumption: 546 kWh per month
Price: 15.83 cents/kWh (10th highest)
Bill: $86.48 per month (48th highest)

Maine’s average electric consumption was so low that even though prices in the state were the 10th highest in the nation, residents’ monthly bills didn’t even break $100. At $87 per month (that’s $52 less per month than Hawaii), residents in the deregulated state received the 4th lowest bills in the nation.

3. California
Consumption: 547 kWh per month
Price: 17.39 cents/kWh (8th highest)
Bill: $95.20 per month (42nd highest)

California has the most utility customers out of any other state – 13.4 million – but on average, those customers kept consumption low in 2016. Thanks to their restrained usage, in a state where electric prices were 8th highest in the nation, residents still paid less than $100 per month on their utility bills, amounting to an annual expenditure of $1,142 per household.

4. Vermont
Consumption: 549 kWh per month
Price: 17.37 cents/kWh (9th highest)
Bill: $95.31 per month (41st highest)

At first glance, Vermont’s tiny customer base wouldn’t seem to have a lot in common with California’s massive one, but the two did show similar restraint in terms of energy usage: Vermont residents, on average, only used 2 kWh more per month than customers in California in 2016. The two state’s electric prices were nearly equal as well: 17.37 cents/kWh in Vermont compared 17.39 cents/kWh in California, meaning only $1 separated the two in terms of annual electric expenditures.

5. Rhode Island
Consumption: 586 kWh per month
Price: 18.62 cents/kWh (5th highest)
Bill: $109.02 per month (28th highest)

The fifth lowest state in terms of electric consumption was also the fifth highest state in terms of prices, landing Rhode Island right near the middle when it came to average monthly electric bills in 2016. Rhode Island residents paid approximately $109 a month for electricity.

6. Alaska
Consumption: 590 kWh per month
Price: 20.39 cents/kWh (2nd highest)
Bill: $119.84 per month (16th highest)

Alaska’s prices came second only to Hawaii, so despite boasting the 6th lowest consumption in the U.S., residents still saw their electric bills reaching nearly $120 per month.

7. New York
Consumption: 595 kWh per month
Price: 17.58 cents/kWh (7th highest)
Bill: $104.58 per month (34th highest)

Despite possible misconceptions about the state that’s home to “The City that Never Sleeps,” New Yorkers were fairly conservative with their energy usage in 2016, consuming 595 kWh per household each month. That was low enough to offset the 7th highest electric prices in the U.S. – at approximately $105 per month, New York residents received the 18th lowest utility bills.

8. Massachusetts
Consumption: 599 kWh per month
Price: 19.00 cents/kWh (4th highest)
Bill: $113.77 per month (23rd highest)

A mix of low consumption and high prices landed the next two states in the middle of pack in terms of monthly energy bills. Though Massachusetts consumed less than New Hampshire, the state with the 4th highest prices still saw larger monthly bills – $114 per month versus $111.

9. New Hampshire
Consumption: 604 kWh per month
Price: 18.38 cents/kWh (6th highest)
Bill: $110.95 per month (27th highest)

As previously stated, New Hampshire and its southern neighbor Massachusetts greatly resembled each other in terms of usage and prices. New Hampshire had the slight edge, however – residents in the state paid $34 less in 2016 for 60 kWh more usage.

10. New Mexico
Consumption: 631 kWh per month
Price: 12.03 cents/kWh (25th highest)
Bill: $75.96 per month (lowest)

New Mexico hit the sweet spot between low average household consumption and (relatively) low electric prices, meaning residents paid the lowest electric bills out of any other state in the nation in 2016. New Mexico residents, on average, only paid $75.96 for their monthly electricity usage – totaling less than $1,000 per year.

Full Rankings

State

# of Customers Average Monthly Usage (kWh) Usage Ranking Average Price (cents/kWh) Price Ranking Average Monthly Bill (Dollars)  Bill Ranking
Louisiana 2,059,699 1,240 1 9.34 51 115.79

21

Tennessee

2,812,287 1,238 2 10.41 45 128.89 7
Alabama 2,200,574 1,214 3 11.99 26 145.55

2

Mississippi 1,278,616 1,203 4 10.47 44 125.91

12

Texas

10,521,732 1,156 5 10.99 38 127.10 9
South Carolina 2,209,783 1,155 6 12.65 19 146.09

1

Georgia

4,240,421 1,138 7 11.50 29 130.87 6
Florida 9,149,214 1,123 8 10.98 39 123.37

14

Kentucky

1,957,188 1,121 9 10.49 43 117.65 17
Virginia 3,362,985 1,120 10 11.36 33 127.14

8

West Virginia

860,375 1,102 11 11.44 31 126.10 11
North Carolina 4,423,532 1,101 12 11.03 36 121.44

15

Oklahoma

1,736,819 1,093 13 10.20 46 111.49 25
Arkansas 1,368,867 1,083 14 9.92 49 107.44

30

North Dakota

377,739 1,046 15 10.16 47 106.28 31
Missouri 2,751,460 1,041 16 11.21 34 116.63

20

Arizona

2,725,510 1,030 17 12.15 23 125.19 13
Maryland 2,288,301 995 18 14.23 13 141.53

4

South Dakota

392,187 981 19 11.47 30 112.53 24
Indiana 2,821,546 975 20 11.79 28 114.96

22

Nebraska 834,038 973 21 10.84 41 105.47

33

Washington

2,985,799 955 22 9.48 50 90.56 46
Idaho 714,365 953 23 9.95 48 94.90

43

Delaware

419,234 947 24 13.42 16 127.03 10
Nevada 1,143,667 925 25 11.41 32 105.48

32

Oregon

1,706,622 907 26 10.66 42 96.71 39
Kansas 1,252,846 899 27 13.06 17 117.34

18

Ohio

4,911,597 891 28 12.47 21 111.15 26
Iowa 1,358,902 864 29 11.94 27 103.17

35

Wyoming

269,647 850 30 11.13 35 94.66 44
Pennsylvania 5,335,555 841 31 13.86 15 116.67

19

Montana

497,170 813 32 10.94 40 88.95 47
D.C. 259,392 804 33 12.29 22 98.79

37

Minnesota

2,378,681 764 34 12.67 18 96.79 38
Utah 1,041,823 750 35 11.02 37 82.57

50

Illinois

5,231,541 733 36 12.54 20 91.83 45
Connecticut 1,486,741 711 37 20.01 3 142.19

3

Colorado

2,260,098 694 38 12.07 24 83.85 49
New Jersey 3,510,141 691 39 15.72 11 108.58

29

Wisconsin

2,662,284 683 40 14.07 14 96.08 40
Michigan 4,311,008 668 41 15.22 12 101.64

36

New Mexico

876,921 631 42 12.03 25 75.96 51
New Hampshire 612,716 604 43 18.38 6 110.95

27

Massachusetts

2,740,865 599 44 19.00 4 113.77 23
New York 7,118,901 595 45 17.58 7 104.58

34

Alaska

283,260 590 46 20.30 2 119.84 16
Rhode Island 438,507 586 47 18.62 5 109.02

28

Vermont

312,239 549 48 17.37 9 95.31 41

California

13,445,133 547 49 17.39 8 95.20

42

Maine 699,321 546 50 15.83 10 86.48

48

Hawaii 430,941 505 51 27.47 1 138.73

5